India’s Strategic Push for Underground Coal Mining: Initiatives and Implications

India's Strategic Push for Underground Coal Mining: Initiatives and Implications
Pixabay Gallery


In a bid to fortify its energy security and reduce dependence on coal imports, the Indian government is poised to unveil a comprehensive policy framework aimed at invigorating underground coal mining. This strategic move aligns with India’s broader goal of augmenting domestic coal production. Unlike opencast mining, underground coal mining presents an array of advantages, including minimal land disturbance, diminished environmental impact, and lower transportation costs.

Key Measures Under Consideration:

1. Financial Incentives:
The government contemplates offering financial incentives, such as subsidies and tax breaks, to stimulate private sector involvement in underground coal mining projects. This measure seeks to enhance the economic viability of such ventures.

2. Streamlining Regulatory Processes:
To expedite project implementation and circumvent bureaucratic hurdles, the government is considering streamlining regulatory processes. This initiative aims to reduce approval delays, fostering a conducive environment for the swift commencement of underground coal mining projects.

3. Technological Advancements:
Emphasizing innovation, the government plans to support research and development in underground coal mining technologies. This focus on technological advancements aims to bolster efficiency, safety standards, and environmental sustainability in the coal mining sector.

4. Skilling and Training:
Recognizing the need for a skilled workforce, the government is poised to invest in training programs tailored for underground coal mining operations. This measure aims to cultivate expertise and ensure a competent workforce capable of handling the intricacies of subterranean mining.

5. Promoting Exploration:
Intensifying exploration efforts is on the government’s agenda to identify untapped underground coal reserves. By expanding the scope of mining potential, this measure seeks to augment India’s coal production capacity.

Potential Impact:

If effectively implemented, these measures hold the potential to substantially augment India’s underground coal production capacity, aligning with the nation’s energy security objectives. However, it is imperative to underscore the importance of environmentally responsible implementation to mitigate adverse effects on local ecosystems and communities.


As India charts its course towards bolstering domestic coal production through underground mining, a judicious blend of financial incentives, regulatory streamlining, technological innovation, workforce development, and exploration is poised to redefine the nation’s energy landscape. Striking a balance between economic gains and environmental stewardship will be paramount in ensuring the sustainable and responsible development of India’s underground coal mining sector.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *